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古蹟Historic Sites

  • 發佈單位 / Unit:臺中市政府文化局
  • 更新日期 / Date:2012-10-26

臺灣府儒考棚

臺灣府儒考棚
臺灣府儒考棚
古蹟名稱 : 臺灣府儒考棚
古蹟等級 : 市定古蹟
英文標題 : Taiwan Prefecture Confucian Examination Hall
古蹟種類 : 衙署
公告日期 : 2006-11-17
轄區 : 西區
地址 : 台中市西區民生路39巷內
古蹟簡介 : 台灣府儒考棚,其現址在台中市西區民生路三十九巷內,原為清光緒十七年(1891)新省會台灣府城小北門街內建築群的主體部份,俗稱考棚,為今日台灣僅存的考棚建物。日治初期曾作為臨時警察官署,大正七年(1918)年因台中州廳廳舍(今日台中市政府)的擴建工程而拆遷,移現址作為警察俱樂部而得以保留。
建築主體為五開間,均為福州木構架工法之官署格局作法,正間抬梁,左右次間穿斗,前後有軒,圓形柱珠,設色以黑漆為主,二側有附屬房舍,並殘留有日治時期遷建後之加設隔板構造痕跡。本建築為台中市目前僅存之清領時期建築遺構,亦為台灣現存少有之清領時期官署建築,尺度、工法及用材均極為罕見,其遷建歷史見證清領時期官屬群落至日治州廳區之都市變遷,極具保存及建築研究價值。
交通資訊 : 仁友客運1、21、31、45路;台中客運9、26、41、102、142、163、777路;全航客運5路
英文簡介 : Located at Lane 39, Minsheng Road, West District, Taichung City, the Taiwan Prefecture Confucian Examination Hall (TPCEH) was originally the main part of buildings of Taiwan Provincial Hall constructed on North Gate Street in 1891. Commonly known as the Examination Hall, the TPCEH is the only “examination hall” building in Taiwan today. During the early days of Japanese rule over Taiwan, the TPCEH served as the interim police headquarters and was then relocated to the present site in 1918 due to the expansion project of the then Taichung State Hall (Taichung City Hall today).

The five-room-wide main buildings of TPCEH were constructed of and framed by Fuzhou timber. Built in a typical way for high-ranking government office in Qing Dynasty, the TPCEH was also dotted with the residual traces of separator structures added by Japanese after its relocation to the present site. In Taichung City, the TPCEH is the only high-ranking government office building left from the Qing dynasty while in Taiwan, it is also one of the very few rare historic relics from the Qing dynasty. The TPCEH also witnesses the urban changes from Qing dynasty to Japanese rule to the present days. It is worth of preservation and it has high architectural research value, too.

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