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臺中市政府

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古蹟Historic Sites

  • 發佈單位 / Unit:臺中市政府文化局
  • 更新日期 / Date:2012-10-26

臺中火車站

臺中火車站
臺中火車站
古蹟名稱 : 臺中火車站
古蹟等級 : 國定古蹟
英文標題 : Taichung Railway Station
古蹟種類 : 車站
公告日期 : 1995-04-22
轄區 : 清水區
地址 : 臺中市建國路172號
古蹟簡介 :   臺中火車站建於大正六年(西元1917年),是日治時代一座仿西方文藝復興時代驛站風格建築,亦是日本政府明治維新運動下的產物。臺中火車站的建立是一個時代的象徵、一個城市的標的、它的建立代表了臺中市鎮的發展、臺灣鐵路史的演進。車站於西元1905年開站,原本為一幢木造平房,縱貫鐵道於西元1908年全線通車,至西元1917年改建磚造新站房,建築本體中央山牆矗立、並有一高聳華麗的鐘塔,非常醒目,白色洗石子環帶圍繞,與紅色磚面相襯,雖經多年歲月洗禮,在現代看來亦仍是宏偉無比。

  由於臺中火車站的建立,掌握、聯絡了南北、山海線經濟動脈之要隘,同時更帶動中部地區多方發展。在都市記憶中,臺中火車站扮演多重角色,不單為大眾運輸之脈絡點,亦為貴賓迎送之據點,節慶活動最佳場所及展覽會場與標的物指示等。 民國八十四年臺中火車站倡議改建為現代化火車站,極負時代意義的火車站幾乎不保,在地方人士多方奔走之下,於民國八十四年四月廿二日由內政部公告為臺閩地區第二級古蹟,其範圍包括臺中火車站舊廈本體、前門廊及第一月台。臺中火車站之歷史文化意義及建築保存因獲得重視,使古蹟之生命力得延續成為一個活的歷史見證。

交通資訊 : 全航客運5路車,台中客運9,27,33,35,70,71,73,75,81,88,100, 102,107,131,146,147,666,999路及統聯客運81,83路
英文簡介 : Built in 1917, the Taichung Railway Station was constructed in a form of Renaissance architecture and it was also a product of the Meiji Restoration under the Japanese rule over Taiwan. Originally a wooden cottage, the Taichung Railway Station began its service in 1905 even before the north-south Longitudinal Railway opened to traffic in 1908. It was reconstructed into a new brick building in 1917. With a towering gable standing in the center and a bell tower decorated with white wash pebble in stark contrast with the red brick surface, the Taichung Railway Station looks incomparably magnificent even today.

The Taichung Railway Station not only controls the economic artery of Taiwan along the north-south Longitudinal Railway but also brings in the development of central Taiwan in many aspects. It plays multiple roles as a hub in public transportation, a contact point for receiving and seeing off the VIP, friends, and/or family members, a best place to hold festivals, and the best indicator to exhibitions and fairs. In 1995, many people advocated to convert the Taichung Railway Station into a modern railway station. To preserve this historically significant train station, even more people made appeals to the central government and the Ministry of the Interior announced on April 22, 1995 that the Taichung Railway Station is a second-class historic site covering the main body of the old building, the front porch and the first platform. Thus, the Taichung Railway Station continues to be a living testimony of Taiwan history.

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