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臺中市政府

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古蹟Historic Sites

  • 發佈單位 / Unit:臺中市政府文化局
  • 更新日期 / Date:2012-11-02

清水社口楊宅

古蹟名稱 : 清水社口楊宅
古蹟等級 : 市定古蹟
英文標題 : Yang’s Mansion in Shekou of Qingshui
古蹟種類 : 宅第
公告日期 : 2010-07-12
轄區 : 清水區
地址 : 臺中市清水區鎮新南路116巷1號、3號
古蹟簡介 :   楊家祖籍福建省泉州府同安縣,約在乾隆年間遷臺,原居於鰲西勢莊,至楊金波時遷至社口庄。 

楊金波於光緒八年中舉,因軍功賞戴藍翎,官拜提督兼道臺,其家族經商有成,管理土地極為廣大,富甲一方。 

日治時期,楊澄若任清水區長,其子楊肇嘉為首任清水街長,後來赴日早稻田大學進修,並致力於臺灣民主運動,為臺灣民主先趨。 



  楊宅建築群原為三組三合院並列組成,兼有清朝及日治時期建築,但民國九十九年,日治時期建築(鎮新南路116巷5號)遭族人拆除,清朝建築則緊急召開文化資產審議委員會,審議通過後公告指定為古蹟。 



  清朝建築創建於同治2年(西元一八七七),分有楊金波宅及楊清珠宅二座合院建築,皆為穿斗式桁架,楊金波因其中舉,堂前懸有「明經進士」匾,屋頂則為燕尾翹脊型式。至今木構大多保留原貌,彩繪則兼有清領時期及日治時期之彷西洋畫透視法之彩畫,極富歷史意義及保存價值。 
英文簡介 : Native to Tongan, Quanzhou, Fujian Province, the Yang family moved to Taiwan during the reign of Qianlong Emperor in Qing Dynasty. The Yang family first stayed in Au Si Shih Village until Yang Jin-bo moved the family to Shekou Village.

Yang Jin-bo passed the imperial examinations at the provincial level in 1892 and was appointed as admiral and magistrate during the Qing Dynasty. The Yang family was super rich and owned a vast expanse of land because of running business successfully.

During the Japanese rule period, Yang Cheng-zhou was appointed as Qingshui Mayor and his son Yang Zhao-jia as the first Chief of Qingshui Street. Yang Zhao-jia later went to study at the Waseda University in Japan and he finally became a pioneer in Taiwanese democracy movement. The Yang’s mansion was originally composed of three groups of traditional courtyard houses constructed in either Qing Dynasty or the Japanese rule period. The buildings (at No. 5, Lane 116, Cheng-xin South Road) constructed during the Japanese rule period were dismantled by the relatives of Yang family in 2010, while the buildings constructed during the Qing Dynasty was specified as a historic monument for permanent preservation after the city government called an emergent Cultural Assets Committee meeting.

Constructed in 1877, The Qing-Dynasty buildings consisted of two courtyard buildings handed down by Yang Jin-bo and Yang Qing-chu. Both of them were constructed of Chuan Dou trusses. A plaque of “Ming Jin Jin Shi” was hung on the main hall of Yang Jin-bo’s house with swallowtail roofs to demonstrate his passing of imperial examinations. Most of the wooden structures have been well retained. Paintings consisted of both styles from the Qing Dynasty and the Japanese rule period. They are worthy of preservation because of their historical significance and value.