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古蹟Historic Sites

  • 發佈單位 / Unit:臺中市政府文化局
  • 更新日期 / Date:2012-11-02

原臺灣省議會議事大樓、朝琴館、議員會館

原臺灣省議會議事大樓、朝琴館、議員會館
原臺灣省議會議事大樓、朝琴館、議員會館
古蹟名稱 : 原臺灣省議會議事大樓、朝琴館、議員會館
古蹟等級 : 市定古蹟
英文標題 : Taiwan Provincial Assembly Building, Chao-Chin Museum, and Council Guest House
古蹟種類 : 其他
公告日期 : 2008-04-10
轄區 : 霧峰區
地址 : 臺中市霧峰區中正路734號
古蹟簡介 :   臺灣省諮議會係由臺灣省參議會、臨時省議會、臺灣省議會逐漸演變遞嬗而來。地方自治為民主政治之基石,戰後初期,政府為實施民主憲政,推動地方自治,於民國34年12月公布「臺灣省各級民意機關成立方案」次第成立村里民大會,鄉鎮(市)民代表會,縣(市)參議會。至民國35年4月15日各縣(市)參議會分別成立,即依國民政府公布之「省參議員選舉條例」及「省參議會組織條例」之規定,以間接選舉方式,當時由全省各縣(市)參議會選出省參議員30名,並採遴選遞補制度,於民國35年5月1日在台北市南海路,正式成立臺灣省參議會。省參議員任期2年,原應於民國37年任滿改選,惟因時局混亂,中央明令延長任期。迨民國39年、40年間因分期調整縣市行政區域,而各縣(市)亦先後普選議員成立縣(市)議會,省參議員由於原選區域全部變更,已失其代表性,遂於民國40年12月結束。 



  省參議會結束後,地方殷望早日成立省議會並充實成員,以期健全省級民意機構之組織,奠定地方自治之基礎。惟中央恪於省縣自治通則尚未公布,為求法理與事實兼顧,行政院乃於民國40年9月令頒「臺灣省臨時省議會組織規程」及「臺灣省臨時省議會選舉罷免規程」於同年12月成立第1屆臨時省議會,全體議員仍採間接選舉方式,由各縣市議會選出,任期2年,嗣中央為期省議員能真正代表民意,乃修正有關法規,改由各縣市公民直接選舉並採候補制度,任期亦由2年延長為3年,並為配合與第2屆縣市長選舉合併舉行,故將第1屆延長半年,而於民國43年6月2日成立第2屆臨時省議會,接著於民國46年6月成立第3屆臨時省議會。 



  臨時省議會冠上「臨時」二字,似乎被認為是暫時性的,不能真正代表民意,妾身未明,議員及社會各界迭有建議,因此,歷經3屆任期未滿,中央為尊重民意,提高省級民意機構之職權,行政院遂於民國48年6月24日以行政命令改稱臺灣省議會,即將臨時省議會第3屆第5次大會改稱為臺灣省議會第1屆第1次大會,其職權仍舊照原規定,惟其成立之法令依據則同時改為「臺灣省議會暫行組織規程」,但仍以第3屆臨時省議會議員之任期為任期,至民國49年6月1日屆滿。省議會共歷10屆,至民國87年12月20日因精省裁撤,前後達52年餘之久。民國87年12月20日省議會因精省裁撤,同日本會依憲法增修條文第9條第1項第2款及臺灣省政府功能業務與組織調整暫行條例暨行政院令頒「臺灣省諮議會組織規程」之規定,於省議會原址成立,承襲省議會所有之資產包括人員及軟硬體設施、設備。 



指定理由: 



1. 具有歷史、文化、藝術價值:整體園區見證臺灣民主議會發展,且議事廳是臺灣民主文化搖籃,具豐富文化意涵。 



2. 具建築史上之意義,有再利用之價值及潛力:議政建築為戰後初期重要建築,保存完整、管理完善,且具再利用(研究、教學、展示、文化活動…之發展潛力)。 



3. 各時代表現地方營造技術流派特色:議場建築型式雄偉、寧靜,顯現民主政治之神聖,配合全區優美之庭園造景,成為獨立、完整之行政園區,具戰後初期特殊議政建築特色。
開放時間 : 09:00~17:00
英文簡介 : Taiwan Provincial Consultative Council evolved gradually from Taiwan Provincial Legislature, Taiwan Provincial Interim Assembly, and Taiwan Provincial Assembly. Local autonomy is the cornerstone of democracy. To implement constitutional democracy and promote local autonomy in Taiwan during the early days after World War II, the government announced in December 1945 the ""Program to establish all levels of elected officials in Taiwan” and gradually set up all levels of representative councils at every town, city, and county. Then, 30 provincial legislators were indirectly elected on April 15, 1946 according to the “Ordinance Governing the Elections of Provincial Legislators” and the “Provincial Council’s Organization Ordinance”. Taiwan Provincial Legislature was formally established on Nanhai Road, Taipei, on May 1, 1946. The tenure of the 30 provincial legislators was two years and should expire and go for re-election in 1948, when the situation was very turbulent. Therefore, the central government extended their term until December 1951, when Taiwan finished re-zoning all its election constituencies.

After the closing of the Provincial Legislature, the Executive Yuan promulgated in September 1951 ""The Organizational Rules for Taiwan Provincial Interim Assembly” and “The Election and Recall Procedures for Taiwan Provincial Interim Assembly” and established the 1st Taiwan Provincial Interim Assembly in December of the same year. All the members of Interim Assembly were still indirectly elected for a term of 2 years from each county (city) assembly. Thereafter, the relevant laws and regulations were amended to allow the citizens to directly elect the members of Interim Assembly whose term of office was also extended from two years to three years. The 1st Taiwan Provincial Interim Assembly was extended for six months to match with the combined elections of the second-term mayors and magistrates. Thus, the 2nd Taiwan Provincial Interim Assembly was established on June 2, 1954 and the 3rd Taiwan Provincial Interim Assembly in June 1957.

As the Taiwan Provincial Interim Assembly was attached with the word ""interim"", which seemed to imply that the councilors were “temporary” and could not truly represent for public opinions, the Assembly was proposed to be upgraded by councilors and all walks of life. Accepting the suggestion, the central government issued an administrative order on June 24, 1959 to rename the 3rd Taiwan Provincial Assembly as the 1st Taiwan Provincial Assembly whose term of office still ended in June 1960, the same day as its predecessor. The Taiwan Provincial Assembly carried on its duty for 10 terms in 52 years until December 20, 1998, when it was abolished together with the provincial government. At the same time, the Taiwan Provincial Consultative Council was established on the same office building to take over the personnel, facilities, and equipment left behind by Taiwan Provincial Assembly. Reasons for nomination: (1) Historical, cultural and artistic value: This park has witnessed the development of democratic parliaments in Taiwan. Its Chamber was the cultural cradle of democracy in Taiwan. (2) Significance in construction history and value and potential for reuse: The Taiwan Provincial Assembly Building is an important building constructed during the early days after the World War II. It has been well preserved and managed. Its potential for reuse is very high (for research, teaching, exhibition and cultural activities). (3) Demonstration of construction technology and fashion of its own time: Revealing the sacred atmosphere of democracy, the Taiwan Provincial Assembly Building is majestic and solemn. Together with the beautiful garden landscaping, the entire region constitutes an independent and complete administrative park. It is also the most representative of architectural features in the early post-war period.

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