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古蹟Historic Sites

  • 發佈單位 / Unit:臺中市政府文化局
  • 更新日期 / Date:2012-11-02

邱先甲墓園

古蹟名稱 : 邱先甲墓園
古蹟等級 : 市定古蹟
英文標題 : Qiu Xian-chia Cemetery
古蹟種類 : 墓葬
公告日期 : 2007-07-13
轄區 : 北屯區
地址 : 臺中市北屯區民政里北坑巷旁
古蹟簡介 : 邱先甲,清咸豐七年(西元1857)五月生,日治大正六年(西元1917)卒,為台灣民主國副總統兼義勇統領丘逢甲之長兄。在清領時期以「邱成記」為墾號,開發台中附近竹仔坑、廍子坑一帶土地。1895年5月率民主國義勇駐守南崁抗日不成後,一度內渡原籍,年餘再還台,拓墾於大坑地區,為該區最大墾戶。邱先甲墓園修築於大正六年(西元1917),墓園恪遵天圓地方之傳統格局,宏壯樸質。 

本墓園主與台灣史相關,具備傳統墓制之特色,其規模與當時地方士紳神岡呂家及社口林家家長墓園相當,但尺度開闊,僅次於台灣中部三大墓園(即霧峰林家祖墳、太平吳鸞旂墓園與竹山林月汀墓園)。圬工泥塑及石雕細膩,手法多樣,題材豐富,工藝水準極高,具有相當高之文化資產價值。
英文簡介 : Qiu Xian-Chia, born in May 1857 and died in 1917, was the elder brother of Qiu Feng-jia, the Vice President of Taiwan Democratic Country in May to October, 1895. During the Qing Dynasty, Qiu Xian-chia developed the areas of Zhu-Zi-Keng and Bu-Zi-Keng near Taichung. In May 1895, when Taiwan was announced to be ceded to Japan, he led the military of Taiwan Democratic Country to guard the Nankan area but was defeated and escaped to China for more than a year. After returning to Taiwan again, he then reclaimed the Dakeng area and became the largest developer there. The Qiu Xian-chia Cemetery was built in 1917 in a traditional but stately way.
The scale of Qiu Xian-chia Cemetery was about the size of its contemporary Lu Ru-yu Cemetery in Shenkang and Lin Family Cemetery in Shekou and next to only the three largest cemeteries in central Taiwan (namely Lin Family Cemetery in Wufeng, Wu Luan-qi Cemetery in Taiping, and Lin Yeh-ting Cemetery in Chushan). The Qiu Xian-chia Cemetery features its high-standard, delicate, and diverse workmanship in masonry clay and stone carving. It is a cultural asset of very high value.