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臺中市政府

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古蹟Historic Sites

  • 發佈單位 / Unit:臺中市政府文化局
  • 更新日期 / Date:2012-11-02

后里賢坂張家祖墓

后里賢坂張家祖墓
后里賢坂張家祖墓
古蹟名稱 : 后里賢坂張家祖墓
古蹟等級 : 市定古蹟
英文標題 : Zhang Family Cemetery in Houli
古蹟種類 : 墓葬
公告日期 : 2012-04-16
轄區 : 后里區
地址 : 臺中市后里區第一公墓內
古蹟簡介 :   本古蹟由三座古墓組成,分別為張彩臣之墓、張青雲之墓及張堪等六人合葬墓等,張彩臣墓造於大正13年(西元1924年),張青雲墓造於大正14年(西元1925年),張堪(6人合葬墓則造於昭和10年(西元1935年)。 



  張彩臣,生於清同治 5 年 ( 西元 1866 年 ) 清領時期例授儒林郎,擅於國術,日治時期曾任保正及大甲支廳參事等多年,曾獲日政府頒授紳章表揚。 



  張青雲,生於清咸豐2年(西元1852年),為前清例貢生,世代務農並經營糖部,明治32年(西元1899年)投下巨資開鑿后里圳,由枋寮引大甲溪水灌溉墩仔腳一帶數百甲土地。日治時期明治33年至大正9年(西元1900-1920年)擔任內埔區長,明治41年(西元1908年)籌設后里公學校(即今內埔國小)為地方教育開先河。 



  張堪,係為張青雲次子,生於清光緒7年(1881),大正9年(西元1920年)日人實施地方改制,內埔區改為內埔庄,張堪被任命為首任內埔庄長。昭和10年4月21日發生墩仔腳大地震,張堪與妻陳氏、嫂林絨、助役張花及妻梁氏、黃氏等6人罹難,合葬於此墓。 



  此墓群建造時間分屬日治時期大正及昭和時期,墳墓多有雕刻裝飾,因建墓時期不同,而有所差異,張彩臣之墓較偏於傳統墓式雕刻精美,張青雲之墓以石雕、洗石子裝飾,並設有石桌、石椅,佔地極廣。而張堪等6人合葬墓則設有石燈籠,墓手以洗石子裝飾,作工精細。 



  指定理由:日治時期士紳大型墳墓,規制完整,墓體雕刻及洗石子作工精緻,與地方重要人物關係密切,具歷史文化意義。 
英文簡介 : This monument consists of three tombs, namely the Zhang Cai-chen Tomb, the Zhang Qing-yun Tomb and the Tom of Zhang Kan and the other five persons. The Zhang Cai-chen Tomb was constructed in 1924, the Zhang Qing-yun Tomb in 1925 and the Zhang Kan Tomb (for 6 persons) in 1935.

Born in 1866, Zhang Cai-chen was appointed as “Rulinlang” in Qing rule period and then borough chief and counselor to Dajia Sub-prefect Office during the Japanese rule period. He was good at Chinese martial arts.

Born in 1852, Zhang Qing-yun, although a farmer for all his life, passed the imperial examinations at the township level and was admitted to study at the public institute in Qing Dynasty. During the Japanese rule period, he invested a lot of money to dig the Houli drainage system in 1899 to guide water from Dajia River to irrigate hundreds of hectares of farmland in Tuntsaijau area. He then served as Neipu Mayor from 1900 to 1920. In 1908, he founded the Houli public school (now the Neipu Elementary School) and was considered as a pioneer in the promotion of local education. Born in 1881, Zhang Kan was the second son of Zhang Qing-yun. He was appointed as the first mayor of Neipu Zhuang in 1920 during the Japanese rule period. On April 21, 1935, a big earthquake hit and killed Zhang Kan and the other five persons related to the Zhang family. All of them were buried in this same tomb.

As these three tombs were constructed at different time during the Japanese rule period, their decorative carvings varied. The Zhang Cai-chen Tomb was decorated in a traditional carving pattern. The Zhang Qing-yun Tomb was decorated with stonework in washed granolithic finish and stone tables and stone chairs were set up in the area surrounding the Tomb. The tomb for Zhang Kan and the other five was decorated with stone lanterns and the arms of the tomb with stonework in washed granolithic finish.

Reasons for nomination: These three big tombs were the resting places of important local figures during the Japanese rule period. All the three tombs were well planned and designed and their decorative carvings showed exquisite workmanship. In sum, this cemetery has historical and cultural significance